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NOHA KONĚ

CHODIDLO

Chodidlo je konkávně vyklenuté a velmi stabilní. Správně tvarované chodidlo se nedotýká země. Takzvaná "bílá čára", která chodidlo obkružuje, označuje místo, kde začíná vlastní stěna kopyta.

 

STŘELKA

Ve výši patky je kopytní stěna kopyta ohnuta dovnitř. Tam začíná střelka s rohovým střelem. Když kůň došlápne svou nohou na zem, má střelka kontakt se zemí. Nárazová vlna, která vzniká dopadem koňské nohy na zem, je částečně zachycena pružností střelky. Také při hmatových vjemech koně hraje střelka důležitou roli. Díky ní může kůň cítit půdu, na kterou postaví nohu, a terén, po kterém právě jde.

 Z čeho se tedy skládá kopyto?

Obrazek

STĚNA KOPYTA

Stěna kopyta se skládá z nártní stěny, postranních stěn, patkových částí stěn a rohových patek. Odpovídá lidským prstům na rukou a na nohou. Kůň tedy vlastně běhá po nehtech! Vnitřek kopytní stěny se skládá z navzájem prokládaných vrstviček, které jsou spojeny s kostí kopytní. Tím je kopyto pevně drženo na svém místě.

 

KORUNKA

To je vypouklý lem, proužek kůže nad kopytní stěnou, který obkružuje kopyto v místě, kde rohovina přechází v srst. Vylučuje cosi na způsob laku, který chrání rohovinu před přílišnou vlhkostí a před vysušením. Často se na ni nanášejí dodatečně i umělé laky, aby byla rohovina chráněna ještě lépe.

 

BARVA KOPYTA

Odpovídá zpravidla barvě srsti koně. Má-li kůň bílou srst, je bílé i kopyto. Když je kůň tmavé barvy, je kopyto černé. Strakoši nebo koně, kteří mají bílé znaky na nohou, mají kopyta zbarvena různě. U některých koní existují dokonce i černobíle rýhovaná kopyta. Bílá rohovina je měkčí a není tak odolná, černé kopyto je tvrdší.

 

KOPYTO ROSTE

Kopyto naroste o osm až deset milimetrů za měsíc. Proto trvá asi osm až deset měsíců, než se kopyto úplně obnoví. Kopytní stěna je chráněna tenoučkou vrstvou, polevem kopyta, které nepropouští vodu. Stěnou kopyta neprobíhají žádné nervy. Kovář tedy může zatlouci do kopytní stěny hřebíky a kůň necítí žádnou bolest.

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